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USA SWIMMING HISTORY

1978
• U.S. Congress passes Amateur Sports Act.

1979
• At the AAU National Convention, legislation passes changing the AAU's function from a multi-sport organization to a service/management activity for national governing bodies.
• USS signs a service agreement with the new AAU, an NGB first.
• The AAU passes a resolution "so that Sports Committees become National Governing Bodies responsible for all aspects of the governance of their sports."
• Bill Lippman resigns as president; executive vice president Ross Wales takes over as acting president.

 

1980
• Ross Wales is officially elected to finish out Bill Lippman's term as president in January, and is then re-elected in the fall at convention.
• FINA recognizes USS and the United States Aquatic Sports at meetings in Moscow.
• USS holds it First National Championships, choosing an honorary U.S. Olympic Team.
• Phillips Petroleum continues sponsorship of USS Senior Swimming and travel fund.
• The AAU turns over all national swimming revenue to United States Swimming.
• USS hires Information Services Director.
• USS Directory debuts.
• FINA adopts "Olympic Entry Limit" of two swimmers per country, per event, reducing U.S. medal count potential by one-third.
• Competitive Swimming News becomes U.S. Swimming News; the logo changes from Swimming USA to USA Swimming logo designed by Colleen Roark of Phoenix.
• Rules Committee endorses two-piece swimsuit and "Sudden Death" false start.
• USS conducts surveys of USS-registered families.

 

World Records
        Bill Barrett (200m IM)
        Tracy Caulkins (200m IM)
        Mary T. Meagher (100m, 200m fly)
        Rowdy Gaines (200m free)
        Craig Beardsley (200m fly)

1981
• Four-person USS staff moves to Colorado Springs from Indianapolis.
• U.S. defeats USSR in dual meet in Kiev.
• USSN goes monthly.
• Tracy Caulkins wins four events in short course meters world-best times at USS International.
• Carol Zaleski succeeds the irreplaceable Ann Colewell as secretary of Rules Committee.
• City of Concord pulls out as hosts of the 1982 World Championships. The depth of their pool didn't meet FINA rules and they decided not to deepen their pool.
• Phillips Performance Award and the Rookie of the Meet Award debut.
• USS Outstanding Service Award for volunteers at the LSC level debuts.
• USS Coaches' Colleges debut.
• USS set swimming year from May 15 to the following May 14.
• Mary T. Meagher's drops world records in the 100m fly from 59.26 to 57.93 and in the 200m fly from 2:06.37 to 2:05.96.
• Club Publicity Guide debuts.
 

Swimmer of the Year: Mary T. Meagher

    

World Records
        Craig Beardsley (200m fly)
        Mary T. Meagher (100m, 200m fly)
        Rowdy Gaines (100m free)
        William Paulus (100m fly)

1982
• Junior Olympics divided into East and West.
• McDonald's becomes Age Group/Junior Olympic sponsor.
• Awards Committee to commission the United States Swimming Award.
• FINA World Championships held in Guayaquil, Ecuador; U.S. team's performance is unexpectedly disappointing.
• Don Gambril named 1984 U.S. Olympic Team head coach.
• U.S. defeats USSR in dual meet in Knoxville.
• Phillips Petroleum begins its 10th year of sponsoring USS.
• Top 16 Recognition debuts for age group swimmers.
• Tracy Caulkins wins her 12th Kiphuth Award for women's high point winner at summer nationals; a USS record.
• USS acquires the Swim-a-thon fundraising program; under USS direction clubs retain 85 percent of funds raised.
• Swimming World becomes "Official Magazine of USS."
• Indiana University Natatorium completed; Tony Corbisiero breaks first record in pool (800m freestyle-American record).
• USS hires Local Services Director and Controller.

 

United States Swimming Award: United States Olympic Committee
Swimmer of the Year: Steve Lundquist
Phillips Performance Award: Rowdy Gaines (200m free)

 

World Records
        Rowdy Gaines (200m free)
        Steve Lundquist (100m breast - twice)

1983
• U.S. dominates Pan American Games.
• USS House of Delegates approves SWIMFUND, a trust fund for post-grad athletes.
• USS renames National Championships after Phillips Petroleum (Phillips 66).
• American Swim Coaches Association discusses possible merger with USS Board of Directors.
• Mark Spitz, Johnny Weissmuller, and Don Schollander are among 20 charter members of U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame elected by the media. Spitz was second in the voting to Jesse Owens.
• U.S. men's 400-meter medley relay sets world record in the only time in the history of swimming that all four 100-meter event world record holders swim in the same relay.
• No false start rule passes at USAS Convention.
• Scooter becomes spokesmuppet of the Swim-a-thon program.

 

United States Swimming Award: Don Gambril
Swimmer of the Year: Rick Carey
Phillips Performance Award: Rick Carey (200m back)

 

World Records
    Rick Carey (100m back - three times, 200m back)
    Matt Gribble (100m fly)
    Dara Torres (50m free)
    Steve Lundquist (100m breast - twice)

1984
• U.S. hosts Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif., Eastern Bloc countries boycott Games in retaliation for U.S. boycott of 1980.
• U.S. swimmers set record for most gold medals-22-in a single Olympics, winning a total of 43 medals in L.A.
• Tracy Caulkins earns three Olympic gold medals; is named USOC SportsWoman of the Year.
• Nancy Hogshead and Carrie Steinseifer tie for gold medal in the 100m freestyle in the first race of the Olympics; it's the first tie in Olympic swimming history.
• In the most exciting race of the Games, the U.S. 800m freestyle relay, anchored by Bruce Hayes, sets world record and defeats West Germany for gold medal by .04 seconds.
• USS receives $2.6 million dollars as its share of L.A. Olympic surplus funds.
• John Naber and Duke Kahanamoku inducted into U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.
• Sandy Baldwin becomes third USS President, succeeding Ross Wales, who served two complete terms plus the remainder of Bill Lippman's term.
• SWIMFUND modified so athletes may keep trust fund balance after retirement.
• Australia, Canada, Japan and USA form the Pan Pacific Swimming Association as charter nations.
• Speedo becomes official supplier of deck apparel to USS National Teams.
• USS Speakers' Bureau debuts.
• Recruiting brochure debuts.
• Splash debuts - Software Program Library at Amateur Swimming Headquarters with Fred Siegrist as editor.

 

United States Swimming Award: Bernard J. Favaro
Swimmer of the Year: Tracy Caulkins
Phillips Performance Award: Team USA (800m free relay)

 

World Records
    Mike Heath, David Larsen, Jeff Float, Bruce Hayes (800m free relay)
    John Moffet (100m breast)
    Rick Carey (200m back)
    Pablo Morales (100m fly)
    Steve Lundquist (100m breast)

1985
• Richard Quick named U.S. National Team Coach through 1988.
• U.S. team dominates first Pan Pacific meet.
• Coaches Safety Training requirements debut; Safety Training for Swim Coaches, CPR and First Aid.
• USS hires Director of Sports Medicine.
• Steve Lundquist becomes a regular, Steve Kendall, on the soap, Search for Tomorrow.
• First U.S. Open Meet held, formerly known at the USS International Meet.
• East German swimmer Jens-Peter Berndt defects in Oklahoma City.

 

United States Swimming Award: William A. Lippman, Jr.
Swimmer of the Year: Matt Biondi
Phillips Performance Award: Matt Biondi (100m free)

 

World Record
    Matt Biondi (100m free - twice)

1986
• USS hires Domestic Technical Director.
• U.S. team, swept by severe flu at the competition, does poorly at World Championships.
• Janet Evans' international debut comes at the first-ever Goodwill Games.
• Matt Biondi is named USOC SportsMan of the Year.
• USS reorganizes volunteer structure.
• U.S. Olympic Foundation gives USS the first of three grants of over $300,000 to build a swimming treadmill.
• Athlete registration is brought in-house.
• Carol Zaleski succeeds Sandy Baldwin as USS President to become fourth president.
• Debbie Meyer, 1968 Sullivan Award winner, is inducted into U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.

 

United States Swimming Award: Ross Wales
Swimmer of the Year: Betsy Mitchell
Phillips Performance Award: Betsy Mitchell (200m back)

 

World Records
    Betsy Mitchell (200m back)
    Pablo Morales (100m fly)
    Matt Biondi (100m free)

1987
• U.S. sends full teams to Pan Pacifics and Pan American Games as 97 swimmers gain valuable international competition experience.
• USA earns a record 57 medals at Pan Ams.
• Master's Degree program with USS Sports Medicine and the University of Colorado-Colorado Springs debuts, an NGB first.
• Carol Zaleski has first shovel honors as ground is broken for Flume.
• Meet Director's Handbook, LSC Procedures Manual and coaches newsletter debut.
• New camp programs debut.
• Shirley Babashoff and Donna deVarona are inducted into U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.
• Alamo Rent-a-car, United Airlines and Johnson & Johnson sign on as sponsors.

 

United States Swimming Award: Buck Dawson
Swimmer of the Year: Janet Evans
Phillips Performance Award: Janet Evans (1500m free)

 

World Records
    Janet Evans (400m, 800m, and 1500m free)
    David Wharton (400m IM)
    Tom Jager (50m free)

1988
• USS creates own insurance company, an NGB first.
• USS Flume and International Center for Aquatic Research are dedicated;
• Flume is installed in ICAR by the same firm that erected the St. Louis Arch-the Pittsburgh-Des Moines Company.
• Counsilman Chair for international sports scientists to conduct research as ICAR debuts.
• U.S. team wins 18 medals at Seoul Olympics, led by Janet Evans, who won three individual gold medals and Matt Biondi, who won seven medals, including five gold.
• Matt Biondi is named USOC SportsMan of the Year for a second time.
• Charlie Daniels is inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.
• National Team Director position approved.
• Select Camps begin.
• Carol Zaleski is re-elected as USS President.

 

United States Swimming Award: Richard Quick
Swimmer of the Year: Matt Biondi / Janet Evans
Phillips Performance Award: Janet Evans (400m free)

 

World Records
    Tom Jager (50m free)
    Matt Biondi (50m, 100m free)
    Janet Evans (400m, 800m, 1500m free)
    David Berkoff (100m back - three times)

1989
• USS hires Dennis Pursley as National Team Director.
• USS signs Sports Science agreement with University of Colorado-Colorado Springs.
• U.S. team dominates Pan Pacifics in Tokyo. Swimming history is made as four different U.S. swimmers set world records on August 20 in a 6-1/2 hour span.
• USA swimmers post sixth consecutive dual meet victory over USSR in Atlanta, Ga.
• Board determines that swimming caps are technical equipment; however, graphics on caps, having no impact on performance, are non-technical.
• Turner Broadcasting signs four-year deal with USS.
• Mini-Rulebooks, USS Volunteer newsletter debut.
• Flume is recognized as one of the Seven Engineering Wonders of the year.
• Early March dates for the '92 Olympic trials are approved.
• Code of Conduct is established for national team athletes and staff.
• Athlete Endowment of $1 million is created, an NGB first.
• Gatorade signs on as a sponsor of USS.
• Four-hour meet rule is approved.

 

United States Swimming Award: Mary T. Meagher
Swimmer of the Year: Mike Barrowman
Phillips Performance Award: Dave Wharton (200m IM)

 

World Records
    Mike Barrowman (200m breast - twice)
    Janet Evans (800m free)
    David Wharton (200m IM)
    Tom Jager (50m free)

1990
• Sports Illustrated names Mary T. Meagher's 200m butterfly world record as the fifth-greatest "single-event" record ever.
• Six U.S. swimmers break the English Channel team relay crossing record.
• Bill Maxson wins first contested USS Presidential election.
• Mark Spitz tests in the Flume; the stroke is efficient; the power is lacking.
• LSC Racing and NAG camps double.
• Four-hour rule takes effect for swim meets.
• Doc Counsilman retires after 33-year tenure at the University of Indiana.
• Tracy Caulkins Competition Pool dedicated.
• Tambrands signs on; Fuji Photo Films signs up for four more years.
• First-ever USS Sprint Championships, televised by ABC's Wide World of Sports, nets Tom Jager $12,000 and a new world record.
• Janet Evans earns Sullivan Award and USOC SportsWoman of the Year as the nation's most outstanding amateur athlete.
• The NCAA moves to restrict swimming practice time.
• Tracy Caulkins is inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.

 

United States Swimming Award: Sandra Baldwin
Swimmer of the Year: Mike Barrowman
Phillips Performance Award: Mike Barrowman (200m breast)

 

World Records
    Mike Barrowman (200m breast)
    Tom Jager (50m free - twice)

1991
• Team USA wins most medals, most gold medals, most points for men's, women's and combined at the World Championships.
• Mark Spitz loses to Tom Jager and Matt Biondi in two separate, high-stakes races of 50m butterfly on ABC.
• USOC unveils plans for an $18 million facility construction project, including major funding for a state-of-the-art aquatics center.
• Partner's Program debuts.
• USA dominates Pan Pacifics, Pan Ams, and World University Games competitions, winning most medals and most gold medals.
• Phillips Petroleum extends their sponsorship for four more years with $1 million.
• Bill Lippman dies at 83, after 22 years of service to the sport of swimming; Lippman Cup for combined team champions at senior nationals debuts.
• House of Delegates mandates a balanced budget in 1992.
• USS Bulletin Board System debuts.

 

United States Swimming Award: Michael M. Hastings
Swimmer of the Year: Mike Barrowman
Phillips Performance Award: Mel Stewart (200m fly)

 

World Records
    Mike Barrowman (200m breast - twice)
    Jeff Rouse (100m back)
    Mel Stewart (200m fly)

1992
• USS lines up 26 sponsors offering more than $1.5 million in support.
• Peter Daland, winner of 9 NCAA titles, retires from coaching after 35 years at USC.
• USS signs on to participate in the USOC Short Notice Drug Testing program.
• The U.S. team earns 27 medals in Olympics, one-quarter of the entire U.S. delegation totals; seven American win individual events.
• Strategic planning debuts.
• Helene Madison is inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.
• USS joins forces with the American Red Cross on new teaching materials.
• Ground is broken for the Olympic Training Center Aquatic Center.
• USS tracking program debuts.
• TeamAtlanta concept is born.
• USS athlete membership tops 200,000 for the first time in history.

 

United States Swimming Award: Carol Zaleski
Swimmer of the Year: Pablo Morales
Phillips Performance Award: Mike Barrowman (200m breast)

 

World Records
    Mike Barrowman (200m breast)
    Jenny Thompson (100m free)
    Anita Nall (200m breast - twice)

1993
• Pablo Morales is named USOC SportsMan of the Year.
• USS reorganizes headquarters' staff structure.
• Comprehensive communications package is approved, including Splash! and the SwimFax, which give USS it's own fax-ondemand
system, an NGB first.
• Athlete's Assistance features money-for-medals; $600,000 in support fund.
• Swimming places three finalists-Mike Barrowman, Summer Sanders, and Pablo Morales-on Sullivan Award slate.
• Matt Biondi, winner of 11 Olympic medals, retires.
• Barney Favaro, author of the USS Rulebook "white pages," resigns as USS General Counsel.
• Mary T. Meagher wins Phillips 66/USS 20th Anniversary Award for the single greatest overall performance at a senior nationals between 1973 and 1992, based on her two world records at the 1981 summer nationals.
• Splash! debuts; gift service orders jump from 14 to 105 a week; SwimFax requests go from 2,000 in two months to 9,000 in one week.
• Jenny Thompson earns six gold medals at the Pan Pacific Championships.
• Coaches Incentive Program debuts, which awards cash to coaches of top performing swimmers at senior nationals.
• UCLA drops men's swimming due to gender equity after 29 years of finishing in the top 10 at the NCAA Championships and having a 98 percent graduation rate.
• Olympic Training Center pool opens with 17 Olympic greats representing U.S. Olympic teams from 1936 to 1992.

 

United States Swimming Award: Doug Ingram
Swimmer of the Year: Jenny Thompson
Phillips Performance Award: Eric Namesnik (400m IM)

1994
• Carol Zaleski is re-elected as USS President.
• Camp with swimmers from seven disabled sports organizations is held, an NGB first.
• IU Natatorium is awarded '96 Trials.
• Chad Carvin becomes the first man to hold American records in both the 500y and 1650y freestyles since 1983 at NCAAs.
• Resident National Team debuts.
• Tom Dolan becomes the first male since Mark Spitz in 1972 to win four U.S. national titles in one meet.
• Outreach Weekend debuts, featuring a minority swim camp, coaches college and a swimming agency summit (American Red Cross, YMCA, Boy Scouts, etc.), an NGB first.
• Chad Hundeby breaks English Channel crossing record; Karen Burton breaks the Catalina Island crossing record.
• U.S. wins most medals, most points at World Championships; Janet Evans becomes first woman ever to win back-to-back Olympic and World Championship titles; Tom Dolan wins the 400m IM with a world record.
• Richard Quick and Skip Kenney are named U.S. Olympic Swimming Team Head Coaches for 1996.
• Seven Chinese swimmers, including two world champions, test positive at the Asian Games.
• USS hires Performance Development Division Director and Athlete Development Director.

 

United States Swimming Award: Bud and Irene Hackett
Swimmer of the Year: Tom Dolan
Phillips Performance Award: Tom Dolan (400m IM)

 

World Records
    Tom Dolan (400m IM)

1995
• USOC grants USS $322,500 to fully fund the Resident National Team for 1995.
• The Pan Pacific Association, at the urging of the USS Board of Directors, bans China from competing in the 1995 Pan Pacific Championships.
• Summer Sanders, who won four medals in the 1992 Olympics then retired, joins the Resident National Team.
• For the second time in history, the U.S. tops 50 medals at the Pan Am Games.
• Tom Dolan becomes the first swimmer since Matt Biondi to win three events at NCAAs in American-record time.
• Russian National Team defeats Team USA for the first time in a men's-only dual meet.
• Eunice Kennedy-Shriver, founder of Special Olympics, visits the USS Disabled Sports Organization Camp II.
• USS hosts Pan Pacific Championships for the first time; meet conducted in the Olympic competition pool venue.
• Team USA earns 40 medals at the World University Games; the most medals won since the 1979 Games (36).
• USS announces that a U.S. swimmer tested positive for a banned substance at the summer nationals; the swimmer, Jessica Foschi, receives sanctions from USS in November, which are later removed by in early 1996 by the American Arbitration Association.
• At Convention, Ray Essick announces that he will retire as the USS Executive Director in October of 1997.
• The USS House of Delegates pass a money-for-medals program that will reward Olympic gold medalists with $50,000.
• The Junior Nationals will be divided into three Junior Championships beginning in 1997.
• Also in 1997, USS membership dues will be increased for the first time since 1987 by $5.
• Tickets for Olympic swimming sell out in four days.
• Misty Hyman wins a world title in the 100m backstroke at the II FINA Short Course World Championships in Rio.
• At an extraordinary FINA Congress in Rio, led by U.S. supporters, tougher drug sanctions are approved.

 

United States Swimming Award: Harvey Schiller and Bill Hybl
Swimmer of the Year: Tom Dolan
Phillips Performance Award: Team USA (400m medley relay)

 

World Records
    David Fox, Joe Hudepohl, Jon Olsen, Gary Hall Jr. (400m free relay)

1996
• Olympic Reunion at Olympic Trials attracts 76 swimmers from 18 Olympics, including the world's oldest living gold medalist, 91-year-old Harrison Glancy, who a gold medal on the 1924 800m freestyle relay team with Johnny Weissmuller.
• Byron Davis finishes fourth in the 100m butterfly at Trials in an attempt to become the first African-American to qualify for the U.S. Olympic team; his 50-meter split sets a world best mark.
• Janet Evans becomes the fifth woman ever to qualify for three U.S. Olympic teams.
• Gary Hall becomes the first son to follow in his father's footsteps onto the U.S. Olympic Swim Team since the Ruddy Brothers in the 1920s.
• Amanda Beard becomes the first 14 year-old to make the U.S. Olympic Swim Team since 1976; later in the meet, Beth Botsford and Jilen Siroky, also 14, qualify.
• Angel Martino, at 28, becomes the oldest U.S. Olympic female swimmer to qualify since 1920.
• Janet Evans carries the torch in the final leg of the Torch Run at the Opening Ceremonies in Atlanta.
• Team USA earns 26 medals, including 13 gold (the most gold since 1984), at the 1996 Olympic Games; the most medals by any sport; including the 100th U.S. men's gold medal and the 400th U.S. team medal overall.
• Amy Van Dyken becomes the first American woman to win four gold medals in a single Olympic Games.
• The team of Jeff Rouse, Jeremy Linn, Mark Henderson, and Gary Hall Jr., breaks the world record in the medley relay by over two seconds.
• Jenny Thompson becomes only the second American woman to ever win five career Olympic gold medals, tying Bonnie Blair.
• Josh Davis earns three gold medals, the most by any man at the Olympics.
• Janet Evans announces her retirement.
• USS names its first-ever Coach of the Year, Murray Stephens, as part of a USOC coach recognition program.
• First Counsel, a fundraising firm, and Korn/Ferry, an executive search firm, are hired.

 

United States Swimming Award: Dr. Allen Richardson
Coach of the Year: Murray Stephens
Swimmer of the Year: Amy Van Dyken
Phillips Performance Award: Amy Van Dyken (50m freestyle)

 

World Record
    Jeff Rouse, Jeremy Linn, Mark Henderson, Gary Hall Jr. (400m medley relay)

1997
• USS dedicates new headquarters building in Colorado Springs.
• USS website redesigned with more emphasis placed on coverage of U.S. swimming meets and special events like Superstar SwimChat Sessions.
• With only 14 swimmers, the U.S. won 13 medals at the Short Course World Championships, tying them for second in the medal standings.
• Jenny Thompson was named the Female Performer of the Meet, after breaking the 100m butterfly world record, at Short Course Worlds.
• Ray Essick ended his tenure, which started in 1980, as USS' first executive director.
• Chuck Wielgus, former Executive Director of the Senior PGA Tour, succeeds Essick.
• At the annual convention, the decision was made to hold the 2000 Olympic Trials in mid-August of 2000, a switch from the March Trials of 1992 and 1996.
• At convention, a motion was passed allowing the executive director to solicit and select the sites for the National Championships, U.S. Open and Trials meets beginning in 2000.
• Chuck Wielgus announced that USS' marketing efforts would be brought in-house, ending the relationship with People & Properties, a New York-based marketing firm which had handled USS' account since 1980.
• USS President Carol Zaleski informed the House of Delegates that USS retained attorneys in Germany to monitor the ongoing indictments and prosecutions of former East German swimming coaches, doctors and trainers for providing illegal drugs to minors.
• The American Red Cross presented Ray Essick with the Good Neighbor Award, one of the highest national awards given to an outstanding volunteer.
• The flume was put back in action, after a year-long closure during the construction of the new USS headquarters.
• The U.S. team led all countries with 27 medals at the World University Games.
• Georgia swimmer Lisa Coole was named the NCAA Woman of the Year.
• USS sent a drug testing proposal to FINA in response to the high number of Chinese testing positive for anabolic steroids.
• American swimmers won 48 medals at the Pan Pacifics, the most medals for the U.S. at Pan Pacs since 1989. Team USA won 19 gold, 13 silver and 16 bronze medals. Australia was second with 22 medals (10 gold, 7 silver, 5 bronze).

 

United States Swimming Award: George Breen
Coach of the Year: Mark Schubert
Developmental Coach of the Year: Gregg Troy
Swimmer of the Year: Chad Carvin
Phillips Performance Award: Lenny Krayzelburg (200m back) and Neil Walker (100m fly)

 

World Record
    Jenny Thompson (50m fly, scm; 100m fly, scm)

1998
• The Americans finished with 14 gold medals at the World Championships, the biggest gold medal haul by the U.S. in 20 years.
Team USA finished with the most medals (24) and the most gold medals of any country at Worlds.
• Gary Hall, Sr., was one of six former collegiate athletes honored with the NCAA Silver Anniversary Award, which recognizes former student-athletes who have distinguished themselves since completing their college athletics careers 25 years ago.
• Chad Carvin and Jenny Thompson were both finalists for the Sullivan Award, the first time since 1992 that swimming boasted multiple finalists.
• United States Swimming (USS, U.S. Swimming) officially changed its name to USA Swimming.
• USA Swimming adopted several technical changes, including the underwater limit in the butterfly, to comply with FINA rules.
• Triple Olympic gold medalist Michelle Smith-DeBruin of Ireland is put under investigation by FINA for allegedly tampering with drug test; Smith was found guilty later in the year and given a four-year suspension.
• Georgia swimmer Lisa Coole, the 1997 NCAA Woman of the Year, was killed in an automobile accident in Illinois.
• Skip Gilbert hired as Assistant Executive Director of Business Development.
• Indianapolis selected as host of the 2000 Olympic Trials.
• USA Swimming becomes the first National Governing Body in the Olympic Movement to conduct a championship meet for all categories of disabled athletes.
• The new Olympic semifinal format is released.
• FINA votes to recognize world records in the 50m backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly.
• Gary Hall, Jr., withdrew from the Goodwill Games roster in compliance with FINA's provisional suspension from all international competition, based on a positive result for a recreational substance in the "A" sample test.
• For the first time since 1987, the National Championships were broadcast on network television (NBC).
• USA Swimming announces a contest to pick its new tagline - the winner: Why Be Dry.
• Dale Neuburger of the Indiana Sports Corporation was elected USA Swimming president, replacing Carol Zaleski, who completed her second consecutive two-year term, the maximum allowed.
• Richard Quick and Mark Schubert are named the 2000 Olympic Head Coaches.
• FINA adopts no false start rule for 2000 Olympics and adds an extra day to Olympic format, making it an eight-day meet.
• SOC President Bill Hybl makes formal request to IOC for medal recognition for 1976 U.S. Olympic medley relay team of Linda Jezek, Lauri Siering, Camile Wright and Shirley Babashoff, who finished second to the doped East Germans by 6.6 seconds; IOC later rejects medal bid.
• USA Swimming holds first World Cup meet in the U.S., attracting swimmers from more than 35 countries to College Station, Texas. It was a record-breaking affair, including two world records by Jenny Thompson, seven American records, 14 U.S. Open records and three World Cup series records

 

USA Swimming Award: Ray Essick
Coach of the Year: Frank Busch
Developmental Coach of the Year: Ray Mitchell
Swimmer of the Year: Jenny Thompson
Phillips Performance Award: Jenny Thompson (100m fly)

 

Records
    Jenny Thompson (50m fly, scm; 100m fly, scm)

1999
• USA Swimming began a Club/LSC Grant Program designed to provide an opportunity for USA Swimming to partner with clubs and LSCs in programs/services that will assist in achieving the common core objectives (Build the Base — Promote the Sport — Achieve Competitive Success).
• The USA Swimming web site begins a year-long fan voting process to name the Team of the Century.
• Jenny Thompson named Short Course World Championships Outstanding Female Swimmer of the Meet for the second consecutive time, after winning three golds and a silver medal at the meet.
• Dara Torres comes out of a seven-year retirement to attempt to become the first American swimmer to compete in four Olympics.
• USA Swimming sends more than 150 athletes into international competition (Short Course Worlds, World University Games, Pan Am Games and Pan Pacifics).
• The U.S. wins the most medals (33) at the World University Games for the 13th time and the most gold medals (17) for the 12th out of 14 times.
• The U.S. leads all nations with 37 medals at the Pan American Games, breaking six meet records.
• The USA Swimming web site debuted new multi-media coverage at the National Championships, including real-time results, audio and video clips and an audio feed from the meet announcers.
• In what many were calling the best swim meet in 25 years, the U.S. team claimed the most medals and won the team point competition at the Pan Pacific Championships. Twelve world records were broken at the meet, including three by Lenny Krayzelburg and one by Jenny Thompson.
• The House of Delegates voted to eliminate the Junior National Championships after the year 2000, replacing them with a sectional format that will involve more swimmers and allow more clubs to compete together as a team.
• FINA approved the use of full-body swimsuits for competitions.

 

USA Swimming Award: Carol (Penny) Taylor
Coach of the Year: Mark Schubert
Developmental Coach of the Year: Ray Mitchell
Swimmer of the Year: Lenny Krayzelburg
Phillips Performance Award: Jenny Thompson (100m fly)

 

World Records
    Lenny Krayzelburg (50m, 100m and 200m back)
    Jenny Thompson (100m fly, 100m IM, scm - twice)
    

2000
• Using a panel of experts, USA Swimming selected its Team of the Century. A "Fan's Choice" Team of the Century was also named based on website voting.
• Indianapolis was selected to host the 2004 Short Course World Championships, marking the first time a World Swimming Championships would be held in the U.S.
• Swimming swept the U.S. Olympic Committee's monthly awards in March with Kristy Kowal and Neil Walker earning Athlete of the Month honors and the men's 800m free relay at Short Course Worlds being named the Team of the Month. It marked the first time ever that one sport had swept the monthly awards.
• Team USA earned the most gold medals with nine and most medals overall with 25 as well as the men's, women's and combined team titles, based on points, at the Short Course World Championships. The U.S. team set six world records and 21 American records over the four-day competition. Neil Walker joined Matt Biondi and Mark Spitz as the only swimmers to win seven medals at a major international competition. Walker and Jenny Thompson were named Performers of the Meet, with Thompson earning the honor for the third-straight time.
• USA Swimming launched a massive redesign of its website.
• Cristina Teuscher became just the fourth swimmer in 24 years to receive the Honda Broderick-Cup, given annually to the nation's most outstanding female collegiate athlete.
• Kristy Kowal was voted NCAA Woman of the Year.
• The U.S. had a phenomenal showing at the Olympic Games in Sydney. The American swimmers brought home 33 medals, more than one-third of the U.S. all-sports total. Fourteen of those medals were gold. Forty-one of the 48 swimmers on the U.S. Olympic swim team came home with medals.
• Hawaii hosted the first-ever FINA World Open Water Swimming Championships.
• Dennis Pursley and Richard Quick were both honored by the U.S. Olympic Committee. Quick was named National Coach of the
Year and Pursley received the USOC Chair's Coaching Award.

 

USA Swimming Award:Dick Robinson
Coach of the Year: Richard Quick
Developmental Coach of the Year:Larry Shofe
Swimmer of the Year:Lenny Krayzelburg
Phillips Performance Award: Misty Hyman (200m fly)

 

World Records
    Tom Dolan (400m IM)
    Anthony Ervin (50m free-scm)
    Tom Malchow (200m fly)
    Ed Moses (100m breast-scm, 200m breast-scm)
    Neil Walker (50m back-scm, 100m back-scm, 100m IM-scm)
    Lenny Krayzelburg, Ed Moses, Ian Crocker, Gary Hall (400m medley relay)
    Josh Davis, Neil Walker, Scott Tucker, Chad Carvin (800m free relay-scm)
    Bryan Jones, Matt Ulrickson, Robert Bogart, Leffie Crawford (200m free relay-scm)
    Haley Cope (50m back-scm)
    Jenny Thompson (100m fly-scm)
    Amy Van Dyken, Courtney Shealy, Dara Torres, Jenny Thompson (400m free relay)
    B.J. Bedford, Megan Quann, Jenny Thompson, Dara Torres (400m medley relay)
    Courtney Shealy, Kristy Kowal, Keegan Walkley, Maritza Correia (400m medley relay-scm)

2001
• Splash TV debuted on the Outdoor Life Network. The first TV show totally dedicated to the sport of swimming, the 13-week program features athlete profiles, technique tips and unique swimming events, among other things.
• At 15 years, nine months, Michael Phelps became the youngest man in history to break a world record, lowering the mark in the 200m butterfly with a time of 1:54.92 at the Phillips 66 Spring Nationals. At this meet, four world records were bettered, the most at a major U.S. domestic meet since the 1986 World Championships Trials.
• Team USA captured 26 medals, nine of them gold, and racked up 847 points to win the team swimming competition at the 9th FINA World Championships in Fukuoka, Japan. The squad combined for one world record and five American records during the weeklong competition.
• Mutual of Omaha joined USA Swimming’s team of corporate sponsors, focusing on supporting the families and clubs of USA Swimming.
• Michael Phelps signed an endorsement deal with Speedo, making him the youngest American male swimmer to turn pro.
• Jeff Rouse comes out of a five-year retirement to attempt to become the oldest U.S. Olympic medalist.
• At the World University Games, Team USA dominated, bringing home 31 medals, including 11 gold, from Beijing. The medal tally was 10 ahead of second-place Japan. Peter Marshall led all swimmers, winning three gold medals and breaking three WUG records in the process.
• In light of the tragic events that occurred on Sept. 11, USA Swimming president Dale Neuburger and the Board of Directors elected to shorten the U.S. Aquatic Sports Annual Convention itinerary by one day.
• Long Beach was chosen to host the 2004 U.S. Olympic Trials.
• The Goodwill Games gave 18 teenagers a chance to represent the USA in international competition, joining a small group of talented veterans in dual meet competition against Australia, the World All-Stars and the European All-Stars in Brisbane, Australia. The women left with a silver medal, while the men’s team took bronze. Although Australia won both titles, Team USA collected 26 total medals.
• Kim Black was voted NCAA Woman of the Year.

USA Swimming Award: Pete Malone
Coach of the Year: Bob Bowman
Developmental Coach of the Year:Devon Ames
Swimmer of the Year: Michael Phelps
Phillips Performance Award: Michael Phelps (200m fly)

World Records
    Ed Moses (100m breast)
    Michael Phelps (200m fly — twice)
    Aaron Ciarla, Neil Walker, Nate Dusing and Jason Lezak (200m free relay, scm)
    Natalie Coughlin (100m back, scm; 200m back, scm)

2002
• Ed Moses set five world records at the final three meets of the FINA World Cup Series in Europe, earning the circuit’s $50,000 grand prize for the best swim of the series and a Volkswagen Beetle for the top performance in Berlin.
• V8 Splash joined USA Swimming’s team of corporate sponsors, focusing on raising awareness of the sport and highlighting the importance of proper water safety.
• Team USA challenges Australia in the inaugural “Duel in the Pool,” to be held in 2003 in Indianapolis, Ind. The first signature event for swimming, the event allows for 26 men and 26 women to make up each country’s roster.
• Nickelodeon GAS: Games and Sports for Kids and USA Swimming joined together to produce Splash TV, the first Nick GAS original series. The five-episode program featured national team athletes participating in various segments of the show.
• Team USA took 26 medals at the FINA Short Course World Championships in Moscow, including eight golds. Americans set three world records and six American records.
• Natalie Coughlin became the first swimmer since Tracy Caulkins in 1978 to win five titles at one Nationals.
• Team USA dominated the Pan Pacific Championships, finishing the meet with 52 total medals, 21 of them gold, and won all possible scoring categories over runner-up Australia. The only world record of the event was set by the American 400m medley relay team. Natalie Coughlin led in overall medals with six, tying Ian Thorpe.
• USA Swimming’s House of Delegates passes a proposal to increase individual athlete membership dues to $40, effective for the 2004 membership year, and then increase a dollar a year after that for the next 10 years.
• Ron Van Pool takes over for Dale Neuburger as the new USA Swimming president.
• USA Swimming completed a Governance Study in order to assess both its strengths and weaknesses and to seek ways in which it could improve its services to the swimming community.
• H2O Swim Program (“Helping Others 2 Swim”) is created as a way to organize and promote USA Swimming’s efforts to assist others.

USA Swimming Award: Alice Kempthorne
Coach of the Year: Dave Salo
Developmental Coaches of the Year: Bob Bowman and Larry Shofe
Swimmer of the Year: Natalie Coughlin
Phillips Performance Award: Natalie Coughlin (100m back)

World Records
    Ed Moses (100m breast, scm; 200m breast, scm — three times)
    Aaron Peirsol (200m back; 200m back, scm)
    Michael Phelps (400m IM)
    Aaron Peirsol, Brendan Hansen, Michael Phelps and Jason Lezak (400m medley relay)
    Lindsay Benko (200m free, scm)
    Natalie Coughlin (100m back; 100m back, scm; 100m fly, scm; 100m IM, scm)

2003
• Dennis Pursley resigns as National Team Director, effective Jan. 1. In the three Olympics during Pursley's tenure, the U.S. swim team amassed 38 gold medals and 86 medals overall, winning both the overall and gold medal count at all three Games (1992, 1996 and 2000).
• National Team coordinator Everett Uchiyama is appointed Interim National Team Director, effective Jan. 1. In this role, Uchiyama is responsible for ensuring that all ongoing National Team programs and services continue and that all operational responsibilities of the National Team Division are met.
• Pat Hogan joins USA Swimming staff as Club Development Director in January. Hogan's hiring is part of a restructuring at USA Swimming's headquarters designed to reflect its service-oriented approach to meeting the needs of its more than 2,800 clubs. As part of this effort, Mike Unger is named Chief Operating Officer, overseeing the newly formed Business Operations and Member
Services Division and serving in a special projects capacity working directly with the Executive Director.
• Lindsay Benko sets the short course world record in the 400m free on the final day of the FINA World Cup in Berlin. Her time of 3:59.53 makes her the first woman in history to swim the event in under four minutes. Benko was named most valuable swimmer of
the meet for her performance and won a Mini Cooper automobile for her efforts. She also won $20,000 for the third best swim of the entire series, which began in November of 2002.
• For the second straight year, Natalie Coughlin is named one of the five finalists for the Amateur Athletic Union’s James E. Sullivan Award, a distinction given to the top amateur athlete in the country. She finishes second in the final voting behind figure skater Sarah Hughes.
• Team USA defeats Australia in the inaugural Mutual of Omaha Duel in the Pool, 196-74. The Americans win 21 of 26 events and are led by Michael Phelps, who won four events and set a world record in the 400m IM and an American record in the 100m fly.
• Eddie Reese and Mark Schubert are named the head men’s and women’s coaches, respectively, of the 2004 Olympic swimming teams.
• Splash TV’s second season on Nickelodeon begins June 1, and airs every Sunday throughout the summer.
• National Team member Rachel Komisarz is awarded a $900 Travel and Training Grant in April from the Women's Sports Foundation. She was one of 18 athletes to receive the grant, which is awarded to individuals who exhibit regional, national or international ranking, or the potential for such a ranking.
• USA Swimming, along with corporate sponsors Speedo and V8 Splash, launches its inaugural Summer Splash Tour. In June, four interns hit the road to visit 100 cities in 100 days. The tour stopped at swim meets, beaches and water parks around the country to
pass out promotional items from USA Swimming and to raise awareness of the sport.
• American Swimmers clean house July 20-27 at the FINA World Championships in Barcelona, Spain, winning 28 medals – 11 gold, 12 silver and five bronze – and setting eight world records along the way. Michael Phelps leads the way, winning four golds and two silvers and setting five world records. Amanda Beard ties the world record in the 200m breast, while Ian Crocker out-touches Phelps in the 100m fly in world record time. The men’s 400m medley relay team of Aaron Peirsol, Brendan Hansen, Crocker and Jason Lezak ends the meet with a world record. Jenny Thompson also wins two golds, two silvers and a bronze to become the most decorated swimmer in the history of the World Championships.
• Michael Phelps becomes the first man to win five U.S. National titles in one meet at the ConocoPhillips Summer National Championships in College Park, Md. He also sets one world record (200m IM) and two American records (200m free and 400m free) at this meet.
• USA Swimming names Stanford University’s Skip Kenney and the Kansas City Blazers’ Pete Malone as the men and women’s coaches, respectively, of the 2004 FINA Short Course World Championships Team.
• Team USA wrapped up the summer by topping the medal count at both the Pan American Games in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic and the World University Games in Daegu, South Korea. U.S. swimmers dominated the Pan American Games, winning 46 medals overall (21 gold, 17 silver and eight bronze) and breaking 19 meet records along the way. At the World University Games, the Americans took away 21 total medals, including three gold, 10 silver and eight bronze.
• USA Swimming has signs four new sponsors for 2004 – BIC Comfort 3 Shavers, Visa USA, AT&T Wireless and Argent Mortgage Company. The companies join ConocoPhillips, General Motors, Mutual of Omaha, Speedo, and V8 Splash in support of the organization.
• The Women's Sports Foundation names Natalie Coughlin and pro basketball player Lisa Leslie the 2003 Sportswomen of the Year. The award recognizes team and individual sport athletes for their achievements from August 2002 through July 2003.
• Triple-Olympic medalist Gertrude Ederle passes away in December at the age of 98. Ederle was the first woman to cross the English Channel and held the record for the 21-mile crossing (14 hours and 30 minutes) for 24 years. Ederle won three Olympic medals at the 1924 games in Paris, taking bronze in both the 100m and 400m freestyle events and a gold in the 400m free relay.
• Speedo announces the extension of its endorsement deal with superstar Michael Phelps through 2009. It is Speedo’s richest sponsorship of all time and includes a $1 million bonus if he earns a record seven Olympic gold medals at the 2004 Olympic Games, in Athens, Greece, or the 2008 Olympic Games, in Beijing, China. The new contract also extends Speedo’s contribution to
Phelps’ collegiate education.

 

USA Swimming Award: Jim Wood
Coach of the Year: Bob Bowman
Developmental Coaches of the Year: Rick Curl and Ray Mitchell
Swimmer of the Year: Michael Phelps
ConocoPhillips Performance Award: Michael Phelps (200m IM)

 

World Records
    Michael Phelps (100m fly, 200m fly, 200m IM – four times, 400m IM – twice)
    Ian Crocker (100m fly)
    Amanda Beard (200m breast)
    Aaron Peirsol, Brendan Hansen, Ian Crocker, Jason Lezak (400m medley relay)
    Lindsay Benko (400m free, scm)

2004
• Ed Moses sets the short course meters world record in the 200m breaststroke in January at the FINA World Cup meet in Berlin. His time of 2:02.92 earns him the $50,000 prize for the top male performance of the series for the second time in three years.
• Doc Counsilman dies in January at the age of 83 of Parkinson's disease. The head men’s coach at Indiana for more than three decades, Counsilman is considered by many to have been not only the greatest swim coach of all time, but also the greatest coach of any sport ever.

• USA Swimming launches the USA Swimming Foundation, headed by Olympic gold medalist Rowdy Gaines.
• Michael Phelps wins the 2003 Sullivan Award, becoming the 10th swimmer to be recognized by the AAU as the top amateur athlete in the nation.
• Speedo concludes four years of extensive research and development to launch the Fastskin FSII, the world’s fastest swimsuit. The new suit is approved by FINA and endorsed by an international team of elite swimmers.
• Everett Uchiyama is named the permanent National Team Director in May, having filled the role on an interim basis since December of 2002.
• USA Swimming introduces a website redesign in May.
• USA Swimming launches the second Summer Splash Tour. In June, two teams embark on their tour of the country, making it to as many places as they can in 80 days.
• Janet Evans and Matt Biondi are two of six athletes inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in July. The induction marks the first new class to be added since 1992.
• The U.S. Olympic Team Trials – Swimming are held in Long Beach, Calif. The event, held in a temporary venue in a parking lot, attracts record crowds, with a couple of sessions topping 10,000 spectators. American swimmers break six world records.
• Team USA powers its way to an impressive showing at the Athens Olympics, collecting 28 medals – 12 gold, nine silver and seven bronze. The men’s team wins medals in every event, save one – the best men’s team in two decades. In a six-gold, two-bronze effort, Michael Phelps is the story of the Games, becoming the first person to win eight medals in a non-boycotted Olympics. Jenny Thompson becomes the most decorated American Olympian with 12 medals.
• The FINA Short Course World Swimming Championships are held in a temporary pool in Conseco Fieldhouse, home of the NBA’s Indiana Pacers, in Indianapolis. It marks the first time a World Championships are held in the United States. The Americans rack up a record 41 medals – 21 gold, 10 silver and 10 bronze – and set three world records.
• Speedo and USA Swimming announce in October that they will extend their 20-year partnership through 2012. Speedo will continue to be the official deck supplier for all U.S. National Teams, including the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Teams. The brand also retains exclusive retail sales rights at all USA Swimming national events.
• The inaugural Golden Goggles Awards ceremony is held at the Hammerstein Ballroom in New York City. Held under the auspices of the USA Swimming Foundation, the black-tie, formal event serves as a celebration of swimming's 2004 accomplishments as well as an opportunity to raise money for the foundation. The entire 2004 U.S. Olympic Swim Team is in attendance.
• Dave Salo and Jack Bauerle are named the men’s and women’s coaches, respectively, of the 2005 World Championships teams. Dick Jochums and Jill Sterkel are tapped to coach the 2005 World University Games teams.

 

Swimmer of the Year: Michael Phelps
USA Swimming Award:Arvydas Barzdukas
Developmental Coach of the Year: Randy Reese
ConocoPhillips Performance Award: Michael Phelps, Ryan Lochte, Peter Vanderkaay, Klete Keller (800m Free Relay)

 

Golden Goggle Awards
Breakout Performer of the Year: Larsen Jensen
Comeback Athlete of the Year: Kaitlin Sandeno
Coach of the Year: Eddie Reese
Athlete Humanitarian: Gary Hall Jr.
IMPACT Award: Dick Ebersol
Relay Performance of the Year: Women’s 800m Free Relay - 2004 Olympics (Natalie Coughlin, Carly Piper, Dana Vollmer, Kaitlin Sandeno)
Female Race of the Year: Amanda Beard in the Olympic 200m breaststroke
Male Race of the Year: Michael Phelps in the Olympic 100m Butterfly
Female Athlete of the Year: Natalie Coughlin
Male Athlete of the Year: Michael Phelps

 

World Records:

    Aaron Peirsol (100m back; 200m back; 200m back, scm)
    Brendan Hansen (100m breast; 200m breast)
    Michael Phelps (400m IM – twice)
    Ian Crocker (100m fly; 100m free, scm; 50m fly, scm; 100m fly, scm)
    Amanda Beard (200m breast)
    Natalie Coughlin, Carly Piper, Dana Vollmer, Kaitlin Sandeno (800m free relay)
    Aaron Peirsol, Brendan Hansen, Ian Crocker, Jason Lezak (400m medley relay; 400m medley relay, scm)
    Ed Moses (200m breast, scm)
    Peter Marshall (100m back, scm)
    Tara Kirk (100m breast, scm)


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